Old-age Dogs and Their Health Disease

Old-age Dogs and Their Health Disease

Though it is difficult to watch the dog growing old and developing health diseases and disorders, change is inevitable.

Here are common health illnesses found in older dogs;

  • Arthritis
  • Eye Cataracts and Blindness
  • Deafness
  • Incontinence
  • Obesity
  • Cancer
  • Kidney Disease
  • Dementia

Health Illness Specific to Dog’s Size

Each breed is subject to a specific disease. Similarly, diseases and disorders also vary according to the size of the dog.

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Small Dogs and Their Health Issues

These cute furballs suffer from the following diseases;


  • Mitral Valve Disease
  • Tracheal Collapse
  • Patellar Luxation (displaced kneecaps)
  • Ectropion (outward-turning yielding)
  • Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome (upper airway abnormalities)


Large Dogs and Their Health Issues

Large dogs commonly suffer from the following disease;


  • Bloat
  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy
  • Elbow Dysplasia
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Wobbler Syndrome
  • Entropion
  • Ectropion
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Aortic Stenosis


Every dog breed undergoes specific health diseases and disorders despite their age and size. These diseases can be genital disorders or occur due to malnutrition and inadequate care.


Whatever the reason is, make sure to train your dog about do’s and don’ts and feed them high-quality food to fulfill their nutritional needs.

Dog’s Nutritional Needs

What to feed my puppy? How much to feed? What are the essential nutrients required by his body? How to fulfill his nutritional needs? We know that you’ve got a lot more questions than these.


Don’t worry, and we have catered to everything you’ve been thinking of.


Dogs are epicure; they love to eat. Unfortunately, they don’t differentiate between things to eat and avoid despite the training, especially when it comes to nutrient fulfillment. It is, therefore, necessary to get premium quality food that embraces all the nutrients needed to satisfy their health requirements.

Essential Nutrients

Either you choose to cook the dog food at home or prefer to buy kibble, the food must be a mixture of proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, and fats to maintain the dog’s health and wellness.


Note: If you’re cooking dog food at home, ensure you follow the recipes designed by nutritionists.


  • Proteins

Amino acids are essential for a dog’s survival. It is the main component that builds and repairs the body tissues, enhances body functions, assists in metabolic reactions, and boosts up energy by producing glucose in the body.


A dog’s body can naturally produce 13 amino acids out of 23, which means they need for the remaining ten amino acids to be fulfilled by diet.


  • Fats

Fats are a rich source to provide energy. It makes the pup’s coat healthier and shinier. It also enhances the food’s taste.


Omega-3 and Omega-6 are considered to be the most important source of fatty acids. However, a lack of fatty acids can cause eyesight problems and psychological issues.


Dog’s bodies can’t produce fatty acids naturally, which means an appropriate diet is essential for them.


  • Carbohydrates

Plants, grains, and vegetables are great sources of carbohydrates. It contains sugar, dietary fibers, and starch that energize the dog to perform various activities.


Feeding semi-cooked vegetables and grain is the best carbs supplement.


  • Vitamins

Vitamins help the dog to grow and repair, but their deficiency can cause skin, respiratory, neurological abnormalities, or vision problems, sometimes leading to infections.


A healthy and balanced canned food contains all the necessary vitamins such as Vitamin A, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Vitamin K, and B-complex vitamins.


P.S. Dog’s body naturally produces vitamin C, and thus its supplement is not included in the food.

  • Minerals

Minerals are crucial; for instance, calcium and phosphorus help in healthy teeth and bones, magnesium, potassium, and sodium help in enzyme functionality and cell signaling.


Other necessary minerals include iodine, selenium, zinc, iron, and chlorine.


Make sure to feed the puppy premium quality food that contains minerals to avoid subsequent problems.


WARNING: Excessive nutritional diet can induce harmful impacts on the dog’s health.

How to take care of your dog?

It is essential to know that dog training is ongoing, and one must never finish it. Keep working on your dog’s training throughout the life of your dog. Teach them something new every other day to keep them mentally healthy. Dogs that learn a trick at a young age may lose it after a specific time so keep practicing all of it with your dog. Training your dog is a great way to spend some quality time with your dog.


  • Proofing behaviors

If you’re in a training phase where you give a lot of treats to train your dog, your dog may gain extra weight, which is not ideal, especially for larger dogs and dogs who love to eat. Obesity is one of the most common health problems in dogs, so it is essential to plan the regular meal according to your training treat.

Make sure that your dog does not consume more calories than it needs during the training sessions. Remember that your dog’s treat should only make 10% of its regular diet. Remember that even if you have reached the final stage of the training does not mean that behavior problems won’t come up—practice behavior with different situations and levels of distractions. Your dog may behave well in the living room, but forget all its outdoor training, so proofing behavior is essential.

Teach your dog self-control and obedience. Understand the common dog behavior problems and address them before your pets get out of control. Give obedience training to your dog and teach them nothing comes free, and it has to earn it through obedience.


How to take care of your dog?

Dogs are pack animals that are dependent on humans for love and protection. As they cannot tell you what they are suffering from, you need to understand their expressions and body language. Make them a part of your family and take good care of them.


  • Training

Taking proper care of your dog is quite essential when you are training it. You and your dog speak a different language, and it becomes difficult for us to know what they are trying to say.

Human training and teaching basic commands give freedom to a dog to understand our world in a better way. Train your dog yourself so that you get to keep it under your care and develop a strong relationship with your pet. You may take the help of a dog trainer if you are a new dog owner or you run into any problem.


  • Housetraining and walking

Patience is the key to housetrain your dog. You need to establish a routine and be consistent with your dog. Puppies should be taken outdoors once every two to three hours, especially after eating or drinking. Pets should be guided to the spot where they can relieve themselves. Puppies are incapable of holding their bladder for so long until they are six months old.

One must take an adult dog four to five times a day outdoors. Give your dog time to linger and smell fire hydrants. If you do not have anyone to care for your dog at home, you may ask your neighbor to help or hire a professional dog walker. Give your dog crate training but do not deprive them of necessities and roaming around.


  • Leash and harness

The safest and comfortable harness for your dog is of nylon material. Avoid using a collar if you’re taking your dog out for walking. Collars may be uncomfortable for your dog and cause pain and injury. For a dog that has a habit of pulling hard, use a harness that discourages pulling without giving any discomfort to your dog.


  • Socialization and Security

Dogs tend to suffer from separation anxiety if they are left alone for a longer time. They may get depressed if they lack socialization and human interaction. Let your dog chat and play with other pets in the park to keep them mentally stimulated. Let them make their own choices as they may take time to become familiar with other pets and dogs. Speak softly and avoid fighting in front of your pet as they may get scared. Dogs are quite sensitive animals; they give them a safe place when they want to hide and need their own time.



Dog Leashing Training

  • House and Crate Training

Most dog breeds love to stay indoors, so house training is necessary for them. Housetraining (housebreaking or potty training) is one of the most important things you need to work on with your dog.

Crate training your dog is another part of dog training that is equally important, where you train your dog to accept and enjoy the crate. One must do Crate training in a very positive manner. Put some soft bedding in the bottom of the crate and some toys and treats to make the place comfortable. Until you see that your pup is comfortable in the crate, keep the door open and let them wander. House training is not as tricky as crate training, but it’s also not easy. Your pet may urinate out of the excitement of expressing aggressive behavior, but one can avoid this with proper training.


  • Leash Training

Every dog needs to learn to walk on a leash from a young age. While most areas have leash laws, there are times when your dog needs a leash for its safety. Before starting the leash training:

  1. Find a suitable leash and an appropriate collar that fits it perfectly.
  2. Introduce your dog or puppy to the leash and teach them to walk correctly on the leash.
  3. Choose the size and material of the leash that is suitable for your pet.

I prefer loose leash walk as it teaches your dog not to pull when on the leash, making the experience fun for both of you.


  • Socializing

Socialization means training your dog to meet and greet new people, places, surroundings, and exposure to the environment. Socialized dogs behave well, and other people welcome them. They are less likely to become aggressive in front of other people. Young socialization is a necessity to turn your pup into a well-behaved dog. Socialization and exposure to people and surroundings prevent the development of fear and phobias in your dog. Socializing your puppy will also keep it healthy and happy.


  • Clicker Training

Clicker training is a form of positive reinforcement to teach basic commands and tricks to your dog in the simplest way. A clicker is a small plastic device made of a metal strip that clicks when pressed. With clicker training, you may effectively teach your dog all kinds of advanced and basic commands. Click the dog clicker after your dog does what you train him to do and give them a treat. Repeat this a few times so that your pet associates the command with the click and a treat. Clicker training is the easiest and quickest way to train your dog. The positive reward-based environment encourages and motivates your dog to learn new tricks faster.


  • Basic Commands

There are some basic commands that every dog should know, like sit, stay, heel, and come. Teaching basic commands gives your dog a structure and overcome dog behavior problems that will eventually help keep your dog safe. Some of the basic commands are as follow:


  • Heel:
  1. When your dog is at the knee level and you have a leash in your hand, give the ‘heel’ command by calling out the dog’s name.
  2. Reward it with treats and praises if he does it correctly.
  3. If not, gently give a pull to the leash to bring him back and start again.


  • Sit:
  1. Hold the treat above the nose of your dog, and command it to sit by calling out its name.
  2. When it looks up, it will automatically sit.
  3. Praise them and reward them for doing it correctly.


  • Stay:
  1. When your dog is in the sit position, stand in front of it and showing an open palm; command it to stay by calling out its name.
  2. Maintain eye contact and let it be in the stay position for at least 30 seconds.
  3. Stand far away while your practice the stay command with your pet.


  • Come:
  1. Hook up a leash at least 5-6 feet to your dog when it is in the sit position.
  2. Command it to come by calling out its name in an excited and happy tone.
  3. When the dog comes to you, shower it with praises and a treat to reward it. 강아지보험가격


  • Advanced dog training

Once you’ve trained your dog with all the basic commands, the next step is to teach them some advanced tricks. These tricks will keep your dog active, healthy, and mentally stimulated. These tricks will also nourish and strengthen the bond you share with your furry companion.